The term, “non-governmental organization” or NGO, came into use in 1945 because of the need for the UN to differentiate in its Charter between participation rights for intergovernmental specialized agencies and those for international private organizations. At the UN, virtually all types of private bodies can be recognized as NGOs.
They only have to be independent of government control, not seeking to challenge governments either as a political party or by a narrow focus on human rights, non-profit-making and non-criminal.
As of 2003, there were reportedly over 20,000 NGOs active in Iran. The majority of these organizations is charity organizations and thus would not fall under the category of development-oriented NGOs. In this document, the term NGO is primarily used for organizations other than charitable organizations
What Will You Learn?
- Students will be able to explain and apply factors that must be present in for NGO programs to be successful.
- Student will also be able to identify potential challenges (both inside the organization and with regard to its political, economic and social context) of operating an NGO program, as well as devising potential solutions.
Chapter 1 Introduction to NGO Management
Chapter 2 Legal Procedure of Establishment of NGOs
Chapter 3 Charitable Endowment Act and FCRA
Chapter 4 Tax Relief under Various Acts