Ṭibb al-Nabawī refers to the words and actions of Prophet Muhammad PBUH with reference to disease, the treatment of disease, and the care of patients. It also refers to: a) the actual words of the Prophet on medical matters; b) medical treatment practiced by others on the Prophet PBUH; c) medical treatment practiced by the Prophet PBUH on himself and others; d) medical treatment observed by the Prophet PBUH with no objections, and e) medical procedures that the Prophet heard or knew about and did not prohibit. Ṭibb al-Nabawī also includes guidance on physical and mental health that is universally applicable to patients, at any time, and under all circumstances. It covers preventive medicine, curative medicine, mental well-being, spiritual cures (ruqyah), and medical treatments. It seeks to integrate body and soul in the quest for optimum health.